German : normal order (verb as the 2nd element ) part 2
4. there are , however, a number of parenthetical expressions which may be put at the beginning of a sentence WITHOUT causing inversion.
They are followed by a COMMA (,), or EXCLAMATION mark (!), and are felt as standing OUTSIDE the sentence. They include :
iii) the name or other designation of the person addressed.
Ja, das stimmt. (, is a must)
Nein, er kann nicht.
Paul, wo ist dein buch?
Herr Lehrer, ich habe es vergessen.
5. The commonest of the other terms which qualify fort his non-inversion treatment are : (remember they are followed by comma, or ! ) :
also, : well now, well then
das heißt : d.h., = i.e.,
mit anderen Worten,
nun : well
unter uns : between ourselves
6. The ONLY circumstance where a sub-ordinate clause may employ NORMAL word order is in :
i) indirect speech AND
ii) other noun clause objects when " daß" (that ) is NOT used.
Er glaubte, daß ich krank wäre. ( He thought that I was ill.)
Er glaubte, ich wäre krank. ( He thought I was ill.)
魂のルフラン(Eng Ver.)/arlie Ray