Sonntag, 17. April 2011

German subjunctive

German subjunctive

1 note the persistent " -e" of the endings; that the imperfect subjunctive of ALL regular weak verbs is the SAME as the imperfect indicative;

2. and the strong verbs with "a", "o" or "u" in the stem of the simple past modify that vowel in the simple past ofth subjunctive; thus sprach gives spräche, flog gives flöge, (ref., könnte, möchte)

3. The compound tenses are formed by adding the past participle or the infinitive, or both, to the auxiliary, precisely as in the indicative.

4. Thus the perfect subjunctive is:

er habe gesprochen.
er sei gekommen.

5. the pluperfect subjunctive is:

er hätte gewartet.
er wäre gegangen.

6. the future subjunctive is:

er werde erwartet.

7. the conditional perfect subjunctive

er würde gehabt haben.


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